“Nothing is so painful to the human mind as a great and sudden change.” —Mary Shelley
If you’re a math major enrolled in a required literature course, the painful and sudden change you might be experiencing right now is the fact that you have to write a paper about Frankenstein.
There’s no need to be fearful, though. Whether you’re a math major struggling through an English course or a lit major happy to analyze any piece of literature the prof throws your way, I have 10 interesting topics to help inspire your Frankenstein essay.
10 Interesting Topics for a Killer Frankenstein Essay
Frankenstein is a decent-sized novel, so there are about a gazillion different topics you could write about. You could write about the genre, characters, writing style, themes, symbols, and/or imagery.
There are just about as many different types of papers you could write about it too. Your options include an argumentative essay, compare and contrast essay, literary analysis, or a character analysis, among others
I can’t possibly cover every topic and essay type here, but I have included 10 topics to help you get started on your Frankenstein essay.
I’ve divided the topics into three categories—characters, themes, and literary devices. I’ve also included a few essay ideas and links to example essays for added inspiration.
Writing about characters
1. Victor Frankenstein
It’s Victor Frankenstein who creates the monster. Throughout the novel, readers see Frankenstein’s character develop from mad scientist (who plays God by creating life) to a broken man, full of guilt for creating such a monster.
If you’re writing about Victor Frankenstein, you might choose to write a character analysis to examine Frankenstein’s character as it develops throughout the novel.
Need an example to see what a character analysis essay might look like? Read 2 Character Analysis Essay Examples With Character.
2. The monster
Created from a handful of spare parts, the monster comes to life unaware of his situation. He doesn’t know why he was abandoned and shunned by his creator. Nor does he realize he has a horrific appearance.
Even though the monster is intelligent and articulate, he’s feared and beaten, primarily due to his appearance. He ultimately seeks revenge, but he’s still tormented and remorseful.
Check out An Analysis of the Monster in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley to read an example analysis essay.
3. Robert Walton
Robert Walton is a sea captain who picks up Victor Frankenstein (who’s weak and emaciated from searching for the monster). The reader learns part of Frankenstein’s story as he tells his story to Walton. Walton then writes letters to his sister to share the extraordinary tale.
If you choose Walton as the focus of your paper, consider how Walton’s narration affects the story and how it affects your interpretation of characters and events.
Take a look at this example essay to see how one writer tackles the topic.
Writing about themes
As the old saying goes, “beauty is only skin deep.” The monster, however, is continually judged based on his grotesque appearance.
The theme of appearances is prevalent in many pieces of literature, including The Hunchback of Notre Dame and The Picture of Dorian Gray. You might compare and contrast the theme of appearances in Frankenstein to the same theme in other literary works.
Throughout the novel, Victor Frankenstein states that he had no choice, that he was destined, that it was fate that he created the monster. Were his actions really a matter of fate? Or is he simply using fate as an excuse for his actions?
Here, you might write a persuasive essay or a more formal argumentative essay about fate and destiny in Frankenstein.
6. Forgiveness and compassion
Everyone seems to be seeking revenge in this novel. But if you look closely, the theme of forgiveness and compassion also runs through the storyline.
Victor Frankenstein feels compassion for the monster he created. And readers are fully aware that he’s guilt-ridden and wants forgiveness for his deeds. (Frankenstein feels he was the cause of his brother’s death as he created the monster that killed his brother.)
The monster also seeks compassion and forgiveness. He’s treated horribly because of his appearance and simply wants to be treated kindly for his actions. Society, however, continually disappoints him.
A discussion of this theme would make a great literary analysis. You can provide a variety of examples to help illustrate forgiveness and compassion throughout the novel.
Writing about literary devices
7. Point of view
Most stories stick with one narrator. Frankenstein is an exception. Readers learn about the story through Frankenstein’s telling of the story, through the monster’s perspective, through a third-person narrator, and through Walton’s letters to his sister.
Narrators can be unreliable, though. As a reader, then, you can’t be certain which story (if any) is the actual truth. It’s your job as a reader to piece together the events to try to find the truth.
If you’re writing about point of view, consider what the novel would be like if it was narrated by one of the other characters. You could also consider what it would be like if narrated by only Frankenstein or only the monster.
How might the plot or characters change? Would the story have the same impact on you as the reader?
Light and fire are the key symbols in the novel. Frankenstein is a scientist who wishes to bring knowledge and life by creating the monster. Light is a symbol of knowledge.
The full title of the novel is Frankenstein, Or The Modern Prometheus. You have to know your Greek mythology to understand the connection here, but Prometheus gave fire to humanity, thus giving them knowledge.
The monster also learns of the power of fire and realizes that it brings not only light but also danger.
Feeling a bit lost trying to figure out how to incorporate a discussion of symbolism into an essay? Read Writing About Literature: 9 Things You Need to Know.
The thing about foreshadowing is that you sometimes don’t know it’s foreshadowing until the end. After you read the story, though, it’s usually pretty easy to see how the author attempted to let readers know what was coming.
In Frankenstein, pay close attention to the words characters use to tell their stories.
Victor Frankenstein tells his story to Walton and uses words like “fate” and “destiny.” Frankenstein talks of his quest to find “enlightenment” and speaks of the dangers that come with it. All of these word choices hint at the ominous tale that is to come.
Want to make sure you’re using the perfect words for your paper (even if you’re not telling an ominous tale)? Read The Ultimate Guide to the Perfect Word Choice for Your Essay.
The irony of Frankenstein is that Victor Frankenstein is trying to bring enlightenment and to create life. However, although he succeeds in creating life, he also brings destruction through his creation.
Have a few ideas of how you want to incorporate irony into your essay but just can’t seem to get the ball rolling? Try these proven tips to help beat writer’s block.
Taming the Monster
Once you have a few ideas for your killer Frankenstein essay, the thought of actually writing the paper doesn’t seem so scary, does it?
With your topic in place, you can cruise right along through the writing process. Start with a few prewriting strategies (maybe even create an outline), then draft your essay. Don’t forget the final step: revision.
Not sure if your Frankenstein essay is killer or will end up killing your grade? Send it our way for some expert Kibin editing.
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Discuss the true nature and personality of the creature in Shelley’s Frankenstein.
I. Thesis Statement: Although the creature behaves viciously and murders several people, he is not inherently evil or malicious.
II. Creation of the creature
A. The creature as a product of Victor Frankenstein:
1. Construction of creature from body parts
2. Victor brings the creature to life
3. Rejection of the creature by Frankenstein
4. Confusion and pain of rejection
5. Experience of physical senses
6. Emotional response
B. The creature as a lost innocent:
1. Wanders in the woods, alone and confused
2. Discovery of food and fire
3. Seeking shelter from natural elements
III. The creature in society
A. Second rejection by humans:
1. The peasant flees from the creature
2. He is isolated from society
B. Creature understands he is repulsive to humans:
1. Prefers to hide in the forest, away from people
2. The creature realizes he is ugly
C. The benevolent nature of the creature:
1. Admiration of the De Lacey family
2. Anonymous acts of kindness towards the family
3. Appreciation of music and literature
4. Attempt to communicate with M. De Lacey
a. Seeks companionship from the father
b. Experiences sadness instead of anger at Felix’s attack
5. Burns down cottage after De Laceys move out
a. First violent act in response to rejection
D. The creature attempts to save the drowning girl:
1. Attacked by girl’s father
2. Further rejection by society
IV. Creature’s relationship with Frankenstein
A. Rejection and abandonment by “father”:
B. Creature discovers identity of his creator:
1. Creature experiences true rage
C. Creature demands a mate from Frankenstein:
1. Only wants to be left alone with a companion
2. Promises not to harm anyone