Poetry From Photos: A Great Depression Activity
- Arts & Humanities
Students view photographs of migrant families during the Great Depression, try to interpret the photos to answer questions about the subject's life, and then write a cinquain poem based on their interpretations.
- Gain understanding of the personal struggles faced during the Great Depression
- Learn to interpret information from a visual medium (photograph) and express that knowledge in written form (poem).
photographs, Great Depression, poetry
- Computer with Internet access and a word processing program
- TV monitor or projector hooked up to a computer (for whole class instruction).
Getting information from the Internet often is just a copy and paste operation. The challenge for teachers is to teach students to apply and extend what they learn online. In this lesson, students view photographs of migrant families during the Great Depression, try to interpret the photos to answer questions about the subject's life, and then write a cinquain poem based on their interpretations.
Prior to this lesson, students should have a basic understanding of the Great Depression and the subsequent displacement of families in search of work and better farmland.
Begin this activity with a brief class discussion of the Great Depression, particularly focusing on how it impacted families. Then, using a projector or TV monitor, display the photos of a migrant mother from the Library of Congress collection America from the Great Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA-OWI, 1935-1945. Encourage students to look carefully at the photo and share their observations about the mother. Some questions students might consider include:
- What is she thinking about?
- What has happened just before the photo was taken?
- What has happened in her life in the past year?
- What might be about to happen?
- What was she feeling as the picture was taken.
Share the quote from the photographer Dorothea Lange in which she describes taking the photograph and provides background information about the life of the mother and her family.
Have students choose their own favorite photograph from the collection, reflect on the life of the subject(s) pictured, and write a cinquain poem that expresses what they see in the photograph.
Even if students never have written a cinquain poem before, the process is quite simple. A cinquain poem contains five lines:
- The first line is one noun that describes the topic.
- The second line is two adjectives that describe the topic.
- The third line is three verbs ending in ing that further describe the topic.
- The fourth line is a phrase (not a sentence) that describes the topic.
- The fifth line is another noun that describes the topic.
Provide students with the following directions:
- Select your favorite photograph from the Library of Congress collection. Remember that the photo should focus on a person or small group of people, not on a building or other object.
- Have your teacher approve the photograph.
- Look carefully at the photo, jotting any notes as you look. Consider the following questions: What is the subject doing, feeling, thinking, saying? What are his/her hopes or fears? What is she/he wearing? What else is in the photo that can tell you something about the subject's life?
- Use a word processing program to type a cinquain about the subject of the photo.
- Copy and paste the photo into the document just beneath the poem.
- Copy and paste the photo's URL (Web site address) just beneath the photograph.
- Print the poem and photograph.
Student might turn in their poems to you and or share their poems and photographs with the rest of the class.
Students will be evaluated on their ability to complete project based upon teacher observation and on their knowledge of the Great Depression based upon the poem's content.
Lesson Plan Source
Last updated on 04/30/2017
Lesson PlansBack to lesson plans archiveFebruary 15, 2013
The Harlem Renaissance – Lesson Plan
By Daniella K. Garran, Marston Mills, Mass.
English, Social Studies, Art
Two 45 or 60 minute class periods with several nights of homework (or four to five class periods if no homework is assigned)
7 – 12
Students will learn about the social, cultural and political circumstances which gave rise to the Harlem Renaissance. They will also learn about the influences that inspired the work of the Harlem Renaissance’s artists and musicians. Finally, students will be given several opportunities to create their own Harlem Renaissance inspired work.
The Harlem Renaissance was a significant social and cultural movement which took place in the 1920s and 1930s following the Great Migration during which thousands of Africa-Americans left the south and moved north and west.
The result was the flourishing of art, music and literature that reflected the history and experience of the African-American. The artistic, literary and musical contributions of Harlem Renaissance artists continue to serve as an inspiration for today’s artists.
Discuss the social, political and economic climate of America in the 1920s and 1930s.
- Ask students to compare and contrast the circumstances of African-Americans and whites at this time.
- Focus on what accounted for the differences in people’s experiences based on their race.
- Ask students to consider what factors influenced the Great Migration of African Americans from the South to the North and Midwest.
- Ask students why they think the arts are an effective means through which individuals and groups can express their history, their frustrations and their hopes for the future. Ask them to give contemporary examples.
To set the stage, read “Harlem” by Walter Dean Myers to students and ask them to visualize the story as you are reading. As you read, you may show students a sideshow of Christopher Myers’ illustrations of the poem.
Give students a copy of the poem and ask them to underline all of the places and locations mentioned in it. Have students read the poem a third and final time and highlight or circle all of the people mentioned. Ask students why they think Harlem became a social and cultural center for African-Americans in the 1920s and 1930s. Conduct a primary document analysis which will allow students to get a sense of Choose selections from Alain Locke’s “The New Negro”, poems by Langston Hughes (“Cultural Exchange”, “Democracy”, “Freedom’s Plow”) James Weldon Johnson (“Lift Every Voice and Sing”) and Countee Cullen (“Yet Do I Marvel” and “Heritage”) or excerpts from the writings of Zora Neale Hurston. Have student work either individually or in small groups to answer the following questions about the documents: Who is the intended audience? What is the subject matter? How does this reflect the themes of the Harlem Renaissance?
Once the analysis is complete, have students return to a large group and share their findings. Focus on the common themes throughout the different documents.
Have students write a found poem in which they alternate phrases or lines from Harlem Renaissance poems with original lines of their own. Host a poetry slam during which students will read their found poems aloud.
Introduce students to the art of Harlem Renaissance painters. Begin by viewing Harlem at the Oklahoma City Museum of Art.
Be sure to highlight the work of Jacob Lawrence (especially his Migration series), Aaron Douglas and Romare Bearden. Ask students to analyze the artists’ respective styles and subject matter. Compare and contrast their work in terms of themes.
Have students create an original collage or work of art that mimics the style of one of these Harlem Renaissance artists. The subject matter should be based on a specific individual who was prominent during the era.
Students will curate their own exhibit of Harlem Renaissance inspired art and poetry in the style of the exhibit “Ain’t Nothing Like the Real Thing”. Display student work either in the classroom or the hallway. Be sure to have the student artists and writers include a brief artist’s statement with their work.
Students will write an essay entitled “The Lasting Legacy of the Harlem Renaissance” in which they focus on one aspect of the era – poetry, jazz, visual art, or music – and how it influences contemporary artists. In the interest of time, this may also be assigned as homework.
- Ask students to research one type of performance that took place at the Apollo Theater. Options include comedy, dance, and many types of music including jazz, hip-hop, swing, and rock. Have students create a timeline of performances of that genre and then highlight a performer of their choosing in a short biographical essay.
- Performing arts educators may consider having students recreate a famous Apollo Theater performance or having students create an original performance piece inspired by one of the Apollo’s legendary performances. Visual arts educators may have students create a work of art in the style of one of the great Harlem Renaissance artists such as Jacob Lawrence, Romare Bearden or Aaron Douglas.
- Host a tribute to the Apollo during which students can recite their original poems or poems they have studied as part of this lesson, display their artwork, sing songs popularized at the Apollo or perform live music made famous by Harlem Renaissance musicians.
Arts & CultureBlack History MonthHarlem Renissance