1. They receive them late.
Many medical schools will make their secondary application available to you (by mail or online) within a few weeks of receiving your AMCAS primary application. Submitting a late primary gives you a late start overall. Thanks to the reality of rolling admissions, if you postpone submitting your AMCAS until late summer or early fall, you'll start receiving secondary applications just as the first crop has finished interviewing and is starting to get acceptances. The number of seats available in next year's entering class has begun to drop, and by this time, the number of applicants competing for those seats has swelled.
2. They mail them back late.
Ideally, you want to return the secondary applications to medical schools within a couple of days of receiving them. Yes, you read that correctly! The quicker you return their secondaries, the more obvious your enthusiasm about attending their school. Now, you *could* put pressure on yourself to compose 2-3 pages of thoughtful, specific prose for each school within 24 hours of receiving each application. But clearly, the best way to turn them around immediately is to have your secondary essays practically done before the applications arrive. Fortunately, secondary essay prompts are widely available nowadays-just ask someone who applied to medical school last year, or consult a pre-med advisor.
3. They are late in other ways.
Tardy letters of recommendation can postpone the evaluation of your application indefinitely. If the letters of reference aren't already in your file at the medical schools by the time you mail back your completed secondary application, how can admissions evaluate your complete application and make a decision to offer you an interview? It may be your recommenders' responsibility to write the letters of reference, but the burden of making sure they follow through falls upon your shoulders alone.
4. They don't distinguish themselves in their writing.
Applicants feel that so much is at stake that they are afraid to take risks in their application; as a result, many of the essays we read are very "safe" (translation: unoriginal and not distinctive). The writing that you do for medical schools needs to focus on your unique attributes. Share your passion for medicine and healing with medical school, but be careful of blanket statements that are not backed up with specific experiences. Learn to craft an artful story.
5. They repeat themselves in the wrong way.
At INQUARTA, we advise our clients to create an image of consistency in their secondary applications by revisiting the Core Themes that they laid out in their AMCAS primary application. However, some applicants mistake our advice to accentuate Core Themes as permission to rehash the same stories from their personal statement. Just remember, you're continuing a conversation, not starting from scratch.Read More
Here are some pointers for writing essays when you apply to physical therapy school. Please know that there isn’t a single best way to write your essays and everyone will answer each prompt differently, so do what works for you!
Essays are challenging to write, especially without any guidance. I learned everything about writing essays from the wonderful people at the Student Doctor Network Forums. I had about 10 revisions of each of the 7 essays I wrote, had several people read them each time, and still had trouble writing some of them.
How to Start Writing Your Essay
1. Organize Your Thoughts
Write down the essay prompt, either on a computer or by hand. Read it a couple times, even out loud, until you have a good idea of what it is asking.
Then write down any thoughts that came to mind. They can be related to the prompt, or you can just write down what you like about the physical therapy profession or any specific experiences that stand out to you.
It doesn’t matter if you’ll actually end up writing about them. Don’t worry about your grammar or if it is written well. Just write down all of your thoughts into bullet points, or just a few words or a sentence for each idea.
If you are having trouble coming up with ideas, there is a section at the end of this post just for you. There are a lot of questions that may help you come up with ideas for your essay, so go check them out!
2. Turn your ideas into paragraphs
Write more about each point that you wrote down. Try to form a paragraph and relate it back to the prompt. If you’re struggling on writing more than a sentence or two about the bullet point, then maybe one of your other ideas will be better to include in your essay.
3. Choose 2-3 things to talk about
Now that you’ve written as much as you can about each bullet point, you should start to see a general direction to keep writing your essay. What are your favorite topics? What ideas can relate to each other to make a cohesive essay? What ideas answer the prompt the best?
4. Form a Complete Essay
Now that you’ve chosen your favorite paragraphs, format them into one essay. Now you can add an introduction paragraph that briefly mentions these paragraphs and your overall topic. Then you can add a conclusion.
5. Edit Your Essay
Now that you have a complete essay, you can read it from beginning to end. If it doesn’t flow well between each paragraph, add some transition sentences. If you don’t answer the prompt very well, rewrite some sentences. Keep editing and rewording until the essay is finished.
How Do You Format Your Essay?
You can format your essay however you like! I recommend that you have an introduction, some body paragraphs, and a conclusion. However, you don’t need your typical “5 paragraph” essay. Some supplemental essays may also have a shorter length, so you might only write two paragraphs.
You can indent each new paragraph, or just put a space between paragraphs instead of indenting, unless the school states that there is a specific way they want you to format your essay.
General Tips for PT School Essays
I know that writing your essays is not as simple as those 5 steps. It can take weeks and be mentally exhausting. However, I’ve included a bunch of tips to help guide you to writing a great essay.
- Be careful what you write about patients. If you choose to write about a patient, don’t include any specific personal information like their name, ethnicity, or occupation, or you will be violating HIPAA. Describing their general age, condition, gender, what setting you observed in, general occupation if it relates to your story, and what interventions were used is perfectly fine.
- Don’t use contractions. I just did, but that’s besides the point! Contractions are too casual, so avoid them if possible.
- First-person speech. It’s ok to say “I” and talk in first person. You’re writing about yourself, after all! Just make sure that you vary your sentence structure so that you don’t begin every sentence with “I”. There is never any reason to say “I think” in any sentence. It sounds unprofessional, so just delete it.
- Focus on the positives. If you had any negative experiences, setbacks, or mistakes, don’t spend too much time writing about them. Explain yourself in a couple sentences, but focus on what you learned and how you’ve bettered yourself. Don’t dwell on the past, but try to focus on the positive results.
- Try to avoid clichés. Almost everyone can write about how they want to be a physical therapist because they love to help people, or because they got injured and need physical therapy. You can briefly write these things, but you need to have other, more personal experiences that you can write about. Be sure to set yourself apart from others.
- Why have you chosen each school? For supplemental essays for a specific school, make sure to mention why you want to go to their school, if it fits into the prompt. It’s good to show that you’ve done your research and are excited to attend their program for specific reasons.
- Answer the question. It’s self-explanatory, but it’s so easy to get caught up in what you’re writing and go in a direction that doesn’t answer the original prompt. Make sure everything that appears in the essay helps to answer the prompt in some way.
- Have others read and edit your essay. Family members, friends, classmates, college writing center, or people on the Student Doctor Network Forums can all help your essay. It’s so beneficial to have an outside perspective on essays, especially because the admissions committee reading your essay won’t read it in the same way that you do. Try to have as many people critique your essay as possible.
- If you ask for help online, don’t post your entire essay for everyone on the internet to read. Make a new thread or comment on a current essay thread, and send an email directly to the person willing to read your essay. There are people that might steal your essay and use it as their own, so be careful who you send it to.
- Take a break from writing. Constantly thinking about your essay, rewriting, and editing is exhausting. It’s helpful to take a few days from working on your essay, and then come back to it with a fresh start.
- Try writing in different environments. I wrote mostly at home, but found that I got stuck with my writing. I started to write at coffee shops, which helped me be more productive. Try working at a library, outside, at a friend’s house, or in a different room in your own house.
- Essays can take weeks to write. Make sure you start early enough so you aren’t stressed out from trying to meet an upcoming deadline. Start working on your essays as soon as possible.
- Be careful when writing multiple essays. The PTCAS essay is sent to every school, so don’t copy and paste the same paragraphs into any supplemental essays. However, if two different schools have an essay prompt that is similar, then feel free to similar paragraphs.
- Essays are weighed differently by each school. Some might not even read the PTCAS essay, others care more about their supplemental essays, or some schools do not care much about a well-written essay.
- Maximum character length. You don’t have to write 4498 out of 4450 characters for your essay to be great. Shorter is fine if you can get your point across. Aim for the character maximum, but it’s fine to have several hundred less than that.
- What if you wrote too much? Worry about the essay length after you have written your thoughts down. When you are finalizing your essay, remove the repetitive information and anything that does not support the prompt, for starters. Then you can try rewording your sentences so they get straight to your point.
Tips for Specific Essays
If you’re stuck with writing your essays, see if you can answer these questions. You don’t need to answer all of them or any of them to write a great essay. A lot of these questions will overlap and be useful on other prompts, so make sure to read through everything if you need help.
Hopefully these questions will get you out of any writers block you may have.
You can find the essay prompt on the PTCAS Essay page, or on their Facebook page once it is released. When I applied in 2014, the essay prompt was released in early June, and the PTCAS application opened in early July. This gave me an entire month to write my essay before I could even start my PTCAS application.
The essay prompt changes every year or every several years, so I can’t give great advice for this. These are some tips from past essays, so hopefully they help.
- How have your life experiences shaped who you are?
- What observation experiences can you talk about?
- Are there any patients that have influenced you?
- How has an experience impacted how you want to want to practice physical therapy?
- Who are the most influential people in your life?
- When did you know that you wanted to be a physical therapist?
- When have you been on a team or worked in a group? How was the team approach better than working by yourself?
- Where do you see the field of physical therapy going, and how do you fit into that picture?
- What sort of physical therapist to you see yourself being?
- How would you treat your future patients?
- What dream goals do you have?
- What character traits are important to have as a physical therapist
- What experiences have strengthened those traits for you, or what traits are you currently working on?
- How has your time spent as a patient affected how you will be a physical therapist?
- Are there any specific therapists that you wish to be like, or any therapists that you don’t want to become?
- Why will you be valuable to this profession?
- Are you interested in teaching, research, owning your own business, traveling, working for a nonprofit, or volunteering in another country?
- What challenges have you overcome in your life?
- What are some of your major accomplishments?
- Why do you want to be a physical therapist?
- What things have you done that helped you grow as an individual
- What activities have you participated in?
- Who are some influential people on your life?
- How have your family, friends, or peers shaped who you are today?
- How would other people describe you?
- What 5 words describe you the best?
- What character traits are important for a physical therapist to have? Do you have these traits, or how are you improving them?
- What is important to you?
- How will your experiences make you a successful physical therapy student/physical therapist?
- When did you know that you wanted to be a physical therapist?
- How did your upbringing shape your personality, and how will that make you a better physical therapist?
- How have your experiences led you to the physical therapy career instead of other health care careers?
- Is there a central theme about your life experiences?
- How can you contribute to the field of physical therapy and your future patients?
- Describe your life experience as it is related to your culture.
- Is it hard to understand others who are from a different culture?
- Do you have a culturally different perspective than your peers?
- Does your culture have a different set of health care beliefs, or have you encountered another culture with different beliefs?
- Have you had an experience in life where you felt like your culture created a barrier for you?
- Have you volunteered for an economically disadvantaged population?
- Do you have trouble relating to higher socioeconomic classes?
- Have your experiences helped you relate better to certain people?
- Have you witnessed any social, cultural, or economic barriers when observing in a health care setting?
- How have you learned from any of these experiences?
- How does recognizing, understanding, or appreciating diversity make you a better physical therapist?
- Have you worked with individuals with disabilities?
- How do these experiences support that you will be able to work with diverse patients when you are a physical therapist?
- Have you retaken any classes?
- Did you retake the GRE?
- Do you have additional observation experiences?
- Did you observe in any new settings or see a different patient population?
- Did you have any additional work experience?
- Where you involved in any groups or team sports?
- Did you volunteer?
- How are you more prepared to be a successful student?
- Have you improved any personal skills?
- Have you worked with individuals that are different or gave you a unique perspective?
- What have you learned and how have you improved?
- How did these new experiences change your perspective, improve your application, change your personality, taught you something new, made you grow, or support your desire to become a physical therapist?
Does Your Academic Record Accurately Reflect Your Capabilities?
Most people say that you should only answer this section if something major happened in your life that was out of your control, like an illness, personal injury, family emergency, death of a loved one, etc.
Don’t use this area to write a list of excuses for why your grades weren’t as good as you wished. Examples of excuses: Explaining that you weren’t mature enough, didn’t study hard enough, partied too much, took too many difficult classes, or went to a challenging university. Those are excuses because you were responsible and they could have been avoided or handled better. If you are eager to explain yourself, you can try to add a sentence or two into your PTCAS essay.
A lot of people had lower grades at the beginning of their college career, so if your grades improved over time and your transcript shows that, you don’t need to write an essay to explain yourself. It takes a while to learn how to succeed in college, and admissions committees understand that.
Unfortunately there isn’t much information about physical therapy school essays. I found these resources for general essay writing, grad school essays, and med school essays, but they’re mostly applicable to physical therapy school too!
PTCAS Essay Prompt
Essay Workshop 101
Writing the Personal Statement
Before You Write Your Personal Statement, Read This
Writing Your Medical School Personal Statement: Tips and Myths
Writing the Personal Statement for Medical School
Student Doctor Network Forums:
Supplemental Essays character limit
PTCAS Essay question for 2015-2016 application cycle!
This year’s personal statement prompt?
Should I or should I not write about this in my essay?
Does your personal statement have to be 4500 characters?